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How have toxins evolved?

Topic

Evolution

Framing Question

How have toxins evolved?

Learning Objectives

  • Contrast toxins and toxicants.
  • Explain the role of toxins in organismal defense.
  • Explain mechanisms of avoidance of poisoning by toxins.
  • Explain the importance of secondary metabolites.
  • Discuss how important toxins have been helpful in
  • characterizing basic biological properties.

Courses

Courses