Risk assessment and risk management
How are organisms living in the natural environment affected by natural and anthropogenic toxicants?
- Describe the effects of exposure to gaseous environmental pollutants to organisms and to the environment.
- Explain the environmental consequences of incomplete combustion of organic material such as hydrocarbon fuels.
- Discuss the findings linking exposure to particulate matter to adverse effects on human health.
- Compare and contrast point and nonpoint source water pollution in terms of sources, typical content, and options for control.
- Describe the environmental impacts of oil spills and the remediation processes used to combat them.
- Explain the mechanisms behind the process of eutrophication, as well as the consequences for
- aquatic life.
- Compare and contrast the major categories of pesticides in terms of their mechanisms of action, persistence in
- the environment, and risks to human health and the
- Describe some of the sources of metal pollution in water and give examples of effects of environmental exposure to metals on human health and/or ecological function.
- Describe the hazards associated with the presence of plastics in the environment.
- Compare and contrast the options of incineration, detoxication, biodegradation, and burial of hazardous waste in terms of the risks and benefits of each.
- Discuss the natural radioactive sources that contribute to toxicology and current issues involving safe long-term disposal of radioactive wastes.