Information Flow and Genetics
Although the central dogma is universal in all cells, how do the processes of replication, transcription, and translation differ in Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryotes?
- State two characteristics of the universal genetic code.
- State the average size of genes and genomes in a bacterium vs. a human.
- Explain how chromosome structure differs in Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryotes (e.g., histones and circular/linear chromosomes).
- Explain the role of mRNA processing in Eukaryotes.
- List the similarities and differences in transcription initiation and termination between Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryotes.
- Explain how the organization of genes in an operon affects transcription in Bacteria, compared to a single gene.
- List the similarities and differences in translation initiation between Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryotes.
- Present an argument, using the processes of transcription and translation, to explain the evolution of the three Domains: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryotes.
- Compare and contrast DNA replication in Bacteria, Archaea and Eukaryotes.